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“伦人”:中国人的“基本人际状态”——心理文化的视角

发布时间:2011/10/27 18:46:55|来源:文明杂志社|分享到:
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      内容提要:本文将人类学家许烺光的“心理-社会均衡”(PSH)理论和“基本人际状态”概念应用到中国社会的研究,在相对于西方社会的基本人际状态——“个人”的意义上,提出了中国人的“基本人际状态”是“伦人”。“伦人”的四个维度及其特点是:在自我认知维度上,伦人在以亲属集团为核心的若干关系圈子中界定自我;在感情维度上,伦人的感情趋于完全角色(伦理)化;在交换维度上,伦人是“信用借贷型”交换模式;在集团维度上,宗族是伦人的典型的集团形式。在中国语境中,“伦”字是一个最能表述中国人基本人际状态神髓的、具有本土特色的概念。“基本人际状态”及其中国形态的“伦人”两个新范式的提出有利于诠释中国社会的特点和将“中国经验”进行学理性提升。
      关键词:  伦人  基本人际状态
      Lunren, the Chinese Version of Human Constant: A Perspective of Psychology and Culture
      Abstract This paper applies Francis L. K. Hsu’ cultural anthropology theory Psycho-social Homeostasis (PSH) and the concept human constant to study Chinese society, and suggests a new concept The lunren as the Chinese version of human constant which contrasts with the western version the individual. The Lunren has certain attributes in four dimensions respectively: in self-perception, it defines ego from kin system; in affection, its affection tends to role playing thoroughly or ethicization; in social exchange, it is an exchange mode of credit; in groups, its typical form of group is clan. As a vernacular word in Chinese language, lun (伦)is an adjective that most accurately describes the human constant of Chinese. The paradigm of human constant and its Chinese version lunren are of use to annotate certain characteristics of Chinese society , and to advance China experience academically.
      Kee word  the lunrenhuman constant
      
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